The promising statements of scientists and the results of testing batteries for electric vehicles give hope that soon the car will travel up to 800 km on one electric motor.
Everything goes to the fact that in 10 years, sales of electric and hybrid (gasoline-electric) cars may reach one percent of the total gigantic sales of the automotive market.
Electric car battery technology differs in the chemical elements used in them.
Choosing the optimal battery for an electric vehicle is difficult because customized solutions work well in different situations.
We will help you to find out about the most popular and the different types of battery technology which are used for electric cars.
Below we are introducing you to a description of car battery types.
Popularity and ability to perform at a high level. Those who asked about electric car batteries at least one time, definitely know about lithium battery packs for cars.
They have made the greatest contribution to the advanced development of the electric power sector in recent years.
They are distinguished by their efficiency, low cost, and excellent performance in relation to the elements’ weight.
These are the best batteries when you consider three parameters: optimizing the size and weight of the battery, the ratio of mass to the amount of stored energy, and a favorable price.
Many household products, such as phones, computers, and vacuum cleaners, use lithium-ion batteries.
Nickel metal hydride battery.
These are unique battery cells with chemical and physical properties that are relatively uncommon.
Hydrogen is a raw resource that necessitates extra caution. When the battery is not in use, it loses energy, but this is offset by the lengthy battery life.
Specialized products, such as medical equipment, require nickel-metal hydride batteries. These kinds of solutions have high production costs.
Low life and impressive power. This category of batteries has excellent power parameters.
However, in an electric car, a solution that is highly efficient even at low temperatures, when such batteries do not function well, is required.
While typical automotive batteries experience a decline in these conditions as well, lead-acid cells fare the worst. Low cost and dependability are two of their advantages.
Condensers with a lot of power.
Supercapacitors or ultracapacitors are primarily using to provide the require power supply in the event of a temporary power outage.
For this reason, when they need more power, their role becomes like providing more power for electric vehicles.
Many electric vehicles employ rechargeable batteries, which are making up of many cells that may be charge at the same time.
You can achieve better results than single cells by combining the capabilities of supercapacitors with lithium-ion and nickel-metal hydride batteries.
Lithium-ion batteries, which are most typically using in electric vehicles, currently dominate the automobile industry.
So, due to the parameters describe above, the lithium-ion battery is most commonly use. Moreover, the technology are associateing with these elements is still evolving.
Leading suppliers are working to break down further barriers to a range of vehicles that use this type of battery as an energy source.
Nickel-metal hydride batteries are using in hybrid vehicles.
The electric vehicle battery sector rarely uses lead-acid batteries, although they sometimes complement lithium-ion batteries.
At the current stage of development, this technology is not yet ready for use on a wider scale.
Supercapacitors find their place in electric vehicles as well, allowing the vehicle to increase its power under high load. This allows a standard battery to supporting during overclocking.
Supercapacitors are also very important for regenerative braking, which converts thermal energy into electricity.
We live in a world unthinkable without batteries, they have firmly entered our life.
Batteries were far less ubiquitous in ordinary life a few decades ago, owing to their relatively high cost, the complexity of production, and simply poor consumer demand.
Not only has the process of industrial manufacturing of independent power sources dropped in recent years, but demand for them has also increased.
Consumer electronics are now widely available, and many gadgets (TVs, air conditioners, and audio centers) have remote controls that require batteries to operate.
The vast army of electronic toys for kids necessitates the usage of a self-contained power supply.
Many battery-operated household appliances (wristwatches, music players, and toothbrushes) have appeared in recent years.
Every year, almost three billion different batteries are purchasing in the United States, with approximately 180,000 tons of these batteries ending up in landfills across the country.
It is estimating that on average, batteries make up about 0.25% of the total waste collecte in metropolitan areas.
What do we call a battery?
A battery is a galvanic cell or accumulator that is using to power various devices autonomously (independently).
The battery is, in fact, a current source.
A circuit consisting of an anode and a cathode submerging in an electrolyte is housed inside the seal shell.
When immersed, between the anode and the cathode (poles), as a result of chemical reactions between heavy metals (mercury, magnesium, manganese, cadmium, nickel, lead) and alkalis, a potential difference arises – voltage.
Lithium batteries are the most demanded autonomous power source at the moment.
While lead-acid batteries are mainly using for automobiles, lithium batteries taking over all other niches.
A flashlight, a smartphone, a laptop, modern backup power systems, and even electric cars – almost everything uses lithium rechargeable batteries as an energy source.
Electric vehicles are referring to as environmentally friendly because they do not emit toxic gases when in use.
In reality, not everything is as ideal as we would like.
According to some research, the damage caused by the creation of lithium batteries for one electric car is similar to what a conventional automobile with an internal combustion engine emits into the atmosphere over a period of several years.
This is attributing, in part, to the number of batteries are utilizing in the vehicle.
Remember that maintaining the health of the planet and future generations is the responsibility of each of us.
Do not overlook the importance of safe battery disposal; play a personal role in the preservation of the environment and your own health.