Because of contemporary living and the trappings that come with it, we have seen a fast change in how we live over the previous half-decade. Meanwhile, public healthcare staff have seen and are concerned about the growth of various heart diseases and life-threatening conditions.

Cardiologists in India and cardiac surgeons believe that due to changing lifestyles, incidences of heart attacks are being documented at least a decade and a half before the normal high-risk age. Heart attacks are more common in adults between the ages of 40 and 45 in Western nations. However, in India, the age of those at risk of having a heart attack ranges from 25 to 35 years.

Patients at higher risk of getting affected with such disease must regularly visit a cardiologist in India as it prevents the probability of getting affected with life Hazzard heart issues.

Understanding the Heart blockage condition:

Heart block is an issue with your heart’s electrical system, which causes it to beat and regulate its pace and rhythm. Atrioventricular (AV) block or a conduction abnormality are other terms for this ailment.

Normally, electrical signals pass from your heart’s top chambers (atria) to its lower chambers (ventricles) (ventricles). The AV node is a collection of cells that acts as a bridge, connecting electrical activity from the top chambers of your heart to the lower chambers. If you have a heart block, the electrical signal does not flow to the ventricles via the AV node. As a consequence, your heart does not function properly, meaning it beats slowly or skips beats and cannot pump blood through its chambers and out to the body as a normal heart would. A Cardiologist in India provides an accurate diagnosis of all heart disease and blockage issues using various advanced imaging & diagnosis techniques.

Common types of heart blockage –

The degree to which electrical signals between the atria and ventricles are slowed is used to classify heart block. Heart block can be classified into three categories that include:

  • First-degree heart block – Minor heartbeat abnormalities, such as missed beats, are symptoms of first-degree heart block. It is the least dangerous kind of heart block and usually does not require treatment.
  • Second-degree heart block – Second-degree heart block occurs when some electrical impulses are not received by the heart, resulting in missed or skipped beats. The patient may have dizziness and may require a pacemaker. Because the atrial impulse did not reach the ventricles, the ventricle may not contract.
  • Third-degree heart block – A third-degree or total heart block refers to electrical signals that do not flow between the upper and lower chambers of the heart. It is more frequent in those who have cardiac problems. Without a pacemaker, there is a significant danger of having a heart attack.

Is heart block serious or dangerous?

A heart blockage unarguably makes it difficult for the heart to adequately pump blood through the circulatory system, resulting in muscles and organs, including the brain, not receiving enough oxygen to operate correctly.

Lightheadedness, fainting, and palpitations are common symptoms of heart block. This blockage can be harmful depending on the degree of the heart block. A third-degree heart block, for example, might exacerbate pre-existing problems such as heart failure. It can result in loss of consciousness and possibly cardiac arrest. Chest discomfort is also possible.

On the other hand, coronary heart disease, such as heart block, develops when a waxy material known as plaque accumulates in the coronary arteries. It can induce angina (chest discomfort) or a heart attack (myocardial infarction) (MI).

Treatment options for heart blockage –

Your cardiologist will assess how heart block (its kind, location, and severity) affects your heart’s capacity to function and will consider your symptoms to determine how to manage your condition. Symptoms and therapy differ from one individual to the next.

Changing drugs or therapy for heart disease can sometimes stop heart block.

  • First-degree heart block: You generally won’t require treatment if you have a first-degree heart block.
  • Second-degree heart block:  A pacemaker is required to keep your heart pumping if you have second-degree heart block and experience symptoms. A pacemaker is a tiny device that delivers electrical pulses to your heart.
  • Third-degree heart block: Third-degree heart block is frequently detected during an emergency. A pacemaker is used most commonly for the treatment.

If you require a pacemaker, your cardiologist/electrophysiologist will discuss the details, the best kind for you, and what to expect before, during, and after receiving your pacemaker.

If you have chest pain that radiates to your left side or back, you should consult a cardiologist in India as soon as possible. You should also contact a heart doctor if you experience severe chest pain, shortness of breath when walking, or shortness of breath at rest. Other reasons to consult a cardiologist include irregular heartbeats that produce palpitations, sudden clenching pain in your jaws, or excessive sweating for a lengthy period of time without exercising.

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